KECERDASAN BUDAYA DAN PENYESUAIAN DIRI DALAM KONTEKS SOSIAL-BUDAYA PADA MAHASISWA INDONESIA YANG KULIAH DI LUAR NEGERI

Anshari Al Ghaniyy, Sari Zakiah Akmal

Abstract


Abstract — This study aims to investigate the relationship between the sociocultural adjustment and cultural intelligence in Indonesian students who study abroad. Sociocultural adjustment is the ability and competence to adapt in a new environment by facing everyday life difficulties in different cultural contexts. Cultural intelligence is an individual's ability to learn, manage, and interact in order to work effectively with culturally different societies. Cultural intelligence has two dimensions: internalised cultural knowledge intelligence (ICK) and effective cultural flexibility (ECF). Participants in this study were 105 Indonesian students who studied abroad at the time they participate. The data was processed with partial correlation by controlling for sex and the use of English. The results showed that ICK has a significant relation to sociocultural adjustment, while ECF is not significantly related to sociocultural adjustment. The findings highlight the importance of students to deepen the cultural and all aspects of the destination country in order to adapt well.


Abstrak — Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan kemampuan penyesuaian diri dalam konteks budaya yang berbeda dengan kecerdasan budaya pada mahasiswa Indonesia yang kuliah di luar negeri. Kemampuan penyesuaian diri dalam konteks budaya adalah kemampuan dan kompetensi untuk dapat menyesuaikan diri dalam lingkungan yang baru dengan melihat kesulitan yang dihadapi dalam keseharian dalam konteks budaya yang berbeda. Kecerdasan budaya merupakan kemampuan individu untuk memelajari, mengelola, dan berinteraksi agar dapat bekerja secara efektif dengan masyarakat yang berbeda budaya. Kecerdasan budaya memiliki dua dimensi yaitu internalized cultural knowledge intelligence (ICK) yang membahas kemampuan kognitif dan effective cultural flexibility (ECF). Partisipan dalam penelitian ini ialah 105 mahasiswa Indonesia yang berkuliah di luar negeri saat berpartisipasi dalam penelitian ini. Data penelitian diolah dengan korelasi parsial dengan mengontrol jenis kelamin dan penggunaan bahasa Inggris. Hasil yang diperoleh dalam penelitian ini adalah ICK memiliki hubungan yang signifikan dengan penyesuaian diri dalam konteks budaya, sedangkan ECF tidak berhubungan signifikan dengan penyesuaian diri dalam konteks budaya. Hasil penelitian ini menekankan pentingnya mahasiswa untuk lebih mendalami kebudayaan dan segala aspek yang terdapat di negara tujuan agar dapat beradaptasi dengan baik.



Keywords


cultural Intelligence; overseas Student; sociocultural adjustment; kecerdasan budaya; mahasiswa luar negeri; penyesuaian sosiokultural

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.24854/jpu02018-179

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