PERAN SELF-COMPASSION DAN SPIRITUALITAS TERHADAP DEPRESI PADA IBU HAMIL

Alfira Chairunnisa, Endang Fourianalistyawati

Abstract


Abstract – Pregnancy is a significant event that causes changes both physically and psychologically among pregnant women. Hence, it can trigger symptomps of depression during pregnancy. Previous studies have shown that self-compassion significantly correlated with depression, as well as spirituality. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine the role of self-compassion and spirituality toward depression among pregnant women simultaneously. The sample of this study was pregnant women who had completed Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS), Self-Compassion Scale (SCS), and Daily Spiritual Experience Scale (DSES) (n = 125). The result of multiple regression analysis showed that self-compassion and spirituality have significant roles in predicting depression among pregnant women simultaneously. A higher score of self-compassion could predict a lower score of depression, even when the score of spirituality was being controlled. The self-judgement and perception of transcendent events dimensions have significant contributions toward depression among pregnant women.

 

Abstrak Kehamilan merupakan peristiwa penting yang menyebabkan adanya perubahan fisik dan psikologis pada ibu hamil, sehingga dapat menimbulkan gejala depresi selama masa kehamilan. Penelitian sebelumnya menemukan bahwa self-compassion berkorelasi negatif secara signifikan dengan depresi, begitu pula pada spiritualitas. Oleh karena itu, penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menguji peran self-compassion dan spiritualitas secara bersama-sama terhadap depresi pada ibu hamil. Penelitian ini melibatkan 125 ibu hamil yang melengkapi kuesioner Edinburgh Posnatal Depression Scale (EPDS), Self-Compassion Scale (SCS), dan Daily Spiritual Experience Scale (DSES). Hasil uji regresi ganda menunjukkan bahwa self-compassion dan spiritualitas memiliki peran yang signifikan secara bersama-sama dalam memprediksi depresi pada ibu hamil. Ibu hamil dengan skor self-compassion yang lebih tinggi mampu memprediksi skor depresi yang lebih rendah meskipun skor spiritualitasnya dibuat tetap, dan sebaliknya. Aspek self-judgement dan persepsi terhadap peristiwa transenden diketahui memiliki kontribusi yang signifikan terhadap depresi pada ibu hamil. Hasil penelitian tersebut diharapkan dapat memberikan kontribusi dalam mengatasi prevalensi depresi pada ibu hamil yang semakin meningkat.


Keywords


depression; pregnant women; self-compassion; spirituality; depresi; ibu hamil; self-compassion; spiritualitas

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.24854/jpu02019-131

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