PERAN CONSCIENTIOUSNESS PERSONALITY TRAIT DAN IKLIM SEKOLAH DALAM PENCEGAHAN PERUNDUNGAN

Sri W Rahmawati

Abstract


AbstractThe aim of this study was to examine the role of conscientiousness personaity trait and school climate toward bullying. A sample of 616 senior high school students from five regions in Jakarta were acquired for this study using cluster random sampling technique. The NEO PI-R Scale, The School Climate Scale, and The Scale of Bullying were used in this study. The research hypothesized that there would be a significant negative correlation between the personality trait and school goals and norms on bullying. The study found that conscientiousness personality trait and school goals and norms in school settings have significant negative correlations to bullying. Regression test results indicated that conscientiousness trait and school goals and norms contributed 4.2% and 3.8% on bullying.  It was concluded that to obtain the optimal results, bullying prevention programs in schools should consider improving students’ personality trait and the school climate.


Abstrak Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengungkap peran trait kepribadian dan iklim sekolah terhadap perundungan. Riset terhadap 616 siswa yang berasal dari lima wilayah provinsi DKI Jakarta dilakukan dengan menggunakan teknik sampling kluster acak. Skala NEO PI-R, Skala Iklim Sekolah, serta Skala Perundungan digunakan sebagai alat ukur dalam penelitian ini. Hipotesis penelitian ini adalah terdapat hubungan negatif yang signifikan antara aspek (trait) kepribadian conscientiousness dan tujuan dan norma sekolah terhadap perundungan. Hasil riset  membuktikan hipotesis yang telah ditegakkan, yaitu aspek kepribadian conscientiousness serta tujuan dan norma sekolah memiliki korelasi negatif yang signifikan terhadap perundungan. Hasil uji regresi menunjukkan bahwa sifat kepribadian conscientiousness memberikan kontribusi sebesar 4.2 % terhadap perilaku perundungan pada siswa; sementara peran tujuan dan norma sekolah terhadap perundungan adalah sebesar 3.8 %. Dapat disimpulkan bila pencegahan perundungan di sekolah perlu memperhatikan pengembangan kepribadian siswa, maupun pembenahan iklim sekolah agar memeroleh hasil optimal.



Keywords


bullying; conscientiousness personality trait; perpetrator; school goal and norms; perundungan; kepribadian conscientiousness; pelaku; visi dan norma sekolah

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.24854/jpu02018-130

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